Focusing interventions among vulnerable groups for HIV infection

experiences from eastern and southern Africa.

Publisher: Network of AIDS Researchers of Eastern and Southern Africa in Nairobi, Kenya

Written in English
Published: Pages: 124 Downloads: 761
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  • Africa


  • HIV infections -- Africa -- Prevention.

Edition Notes

Includes bibliographical references.

SeriesNARESA monograph ;, no. 2
ContributionsNetwork of AIDS Researchers of Eastern and Southern Africa.
LC ClassificationsRA644.A25 F63 1994
The Physical Object
Paginationvi, 124 p. ;
Number of Pages124
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL1268072M
LC Control Number94981688

Case management for HIV-vulnerable groups: rise by the steps of the service. Module 1 (rus) Case management for vulnerable to HIV groups of the population: the rise by the steps of the service. Module 2. Training of social workers for the management of clients from most-at-risk groups to ensure access to HIV treatment (rus). D. 24% In , there were million U.S. children under the age of 18 years. Children represent about 24% of the country's population, down from a peak of 36% at the end of the mid's baby boom.   AIDS turning point: South Africa is the worst-hit country in the worst-hit region of the epidemic. But the disease is no longer an acute emergency. The .   METHODS: We searched Pubmed and Embase between 15 January and 26 June for longitudinal studies comparing incident HIV infection among women using a hormonal contraceptive method and either non-users or users of another specific hormonal contraceptive method.

  Human rights approaches now dominate the HIV prevention landscape across sub-Saharan Africa, yet little is known about how they are viewed by the populations they are designed to serve. Health interventions are most effective when they resonate with the worldviews and interests of target groups. This study examined local Zambian understandings of human rights approaches to . Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are hidden epidemics of tremendous health and economic consequence in the United States. They are hidden from public view because many Americans are reluctant to address sexual health issues in an open way and because of the biological and social factors associated with these diseases.   Hiv presentation pdf copy • BCC strategies for HRG and vulnerable groups • Continued focus on demand generation of services • Reach out to vulnerable populations in rural settings (Link Worker Scheme) • Extending services to tribal groups and hard to reach populations 41 Zero new infection among infants. Reduce HIV related.   AIDS in South Africa: Therapeutic interventions to strengthen resilience among orphans and vulnerable children Melissa Allen Heath, David R. Donald, Linda C. Theron, and Rachel Crook Lyon School Psychology International 3, Cited by:

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Author(s): Network of AIDS Researchers of Eastern and Southern Africa. Title(s): Focusing interventions among vulnerable groups for HIV infection: experiences from eastern and southern Africa. Country of Publication: Kenya Publisher: Nairobi: Network of AIDS Researchers of Eastern and Southern Africa, Description: vi, p.

In: Focusing interventions among vulnerable groups for HIV infection: experiences from eastern and southern Africa, [compiled by] Network of AIDS Researchers of Eastern and Southern Africa [NARESA] Country of Publication: Kenya Publisher: Nairobi, Kenya, NARESA,  ) Using public and private infrastructure for cost effective intervention among fishermen in rural Zimbabwe.

In Focusing Interventions Among Vulnerable Groups for HIV infection: Experiences from Southern Africa. Network of AIDS Researchers of Eastern and Southern Africa, Nairobi, by: HIV/AIDS in the context of its transmission, the spread of the epidemic, the prevalence of HIV in Bangladesh, and the lessons learned on what does and does not lead to effective behavior change in communities.

The second part lists steps for effective intervention among vulnerable groups. Action points are discussed. In sub-Saharan Africa, notwithstanding all efforts to prevent HIV infection among youth, an estimated % of women aged 15–24 years [95% confidence interval (CI) = –] and % of young men (95% CI = –) are infected with HIV.

With few prevention technologies available, reducing sexual risk behaviours offers the best hope for. This article describes an evaluation of a school-based peer education intervention for HIV prevention among students in twenty seven high schools in Aden, Yemen.

The intervention was developed after a survey among the same population inwhich revealed a high level of stigma towards people living with HIV (PLWH) and a low level of HIV knowledge. In a quasi-experimental Cited by: HIV and AIDS services.

As a result, HIV infection rates likely will remain disproportionately high—and access to sexual health services unacceptably low—for MSM and other vulnerable groups for years to come. Yet, in spite of these considerable hurdles, grassroots community-based organizations all over the world are helping MSM and.

The objectives of the intervention are: The objective of this review is to evaluate the effectiveness of behavioral interventions for reducing HIV sexual risk in employees in occupational settings. HIV Research for Prevention is the only global scientific conference focused exclusively on the challenging and fast-growing field of HIV prevention research.

HIVR4P fosters interdisciplinary knowledge-exchange on HIV vaccines, microbicides, PrEP, treatment as prevention and biomedical interventions as well as their related social and. This comprehensive report on the HIV/AIDS pandemic includes global and regional estimates of HIV infection rates and deaths due to AIDS and provides an overview of how HIV spreads in different parts of the world, the demographic, social and economic impact of HIV/AIDS, factors that make people vulnerable to HIV infection, prevention.

Investing in Health, STDs, not including HIV infection, are among the major causes of healthy life lost among adults in the developing world, particularly among women and those in the age group 15 to 45 years.

In addition, they continue to rank among the top five diseases for which adults in the developing world seek health care services. After more than 25 years, public health programs have not been able to sufficiently reduce the number of new HIV infections. Over 7, people become infected with HIV every day.

Lack of convincing evidence of cost-effectiveness (CE) may be one of the reasons why implementation of effective programs is not occurring at sufficient scale.

This paper identifies, summarizes and critiques. Library HIV/AIDS “We can empower young people to protect themselves from HIV” (UNAIDS) More than half of all sexually transmitted infections, other than HIV, (more than million out. Introduction. T he biennial HIVR4P conference is the only global scientific meeting dedicated exclusively to biomedical HIV prevention research, including HIV vaccines, microbicides, pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), treatment as prevention (TasP), and other prevention approaches.

While detailed reporting of all meritorious presentations is beyond the scope of this summary, this review will Cited by: 1. Studies which included male and female children under the age of 18 years of age, either orphaned due to AIDS (one or more parents died of HIV related-illness or AIDS), or vulnerable children (one.

For example, prevalence among African Americans is to 23 times as high as among Whites for certain underlying conditions associated with a severe influenza infection; Latinos have a prevalence of diabetes times and of HIV/AIDS 3 times that of Whites. 23,24 Although average prevalence estimates are not higher for some other racial/ethnic Cited by: The WHO Regional Office for Europe The World Health Organization (WHO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations created in with the primary responsibility.

A fundamental goal of HIV prevention is to change the behaviour that puts individuals at risk of infection. For the past two and a half decades, HIV prevention has been dominated by individual-level behavioural interventions that seek to influence knowledge, attitudes, and behaviours, such as promotion of condom use, or sexual-health education, and education of injecting drug users about the Cited by: Information Vaccine: Using Graphic Novels as an HIV infection reported among persons aged 13–24 years (Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention, Centers for Disease Control (CDC), ).

In Springbook club interventions were held with three groups of high school. Among that little puddle, Wojcicki studied socio economic status as a risk factor for HIV infection in women and McCoy et al.

focused on behavior change interventions to prevent HIV infection in women. Still, reviews which examined the feelings, experiences, pains, success and challenges of women living with HIV/AIDS and role of support groups Cited by: 2 • It is crucial to build on partnerships from the beginning of interventions in order to support greater sustainability and scaling up strategies (i.e.

government, research, community based organisations, etc.). • Many ideas were put forward in terms of advocating for, and influencing, policy. The recent Political Declaration on HIV/AIDS, Article 28 was referencedFile Size: KB.

Behaviour change for people living with HIV or key populations 51 53 55 was incorporated in three studies that evaluated interventions aiming to alter behaviours that make individuals more vulnerable to acquiring or transmitting HIV These included interventions focusing on reducing sexual risk behaviours and alcohol use, or those aiming to Cited by: 1.

initiative to study HIV risk behavior among migrant and other mobile populations in Mexico and Central America. Throughout the late s, research focusing on mobile populations in Sub-Saharan Africa demonstrated the extreme vulnerability of these groups to HIV infection and highlighted their importance to the epidemic globally.

Mexico’s. Objective: Systematically assess the effectiveness of HIV-prevention interventions in changing sexual behaviour of young people (10–25 years) in sub-Saharan Africa.

Methods: Three online databases were searched using prespecified terms. Additional articles were identified on websites of international organizations and by searching bibliographies.

Randomized and nonrandomized trials of. Infection control is an important public health issue for dentists. The nature of dental care, which involves exposure prone procedures, and the close proximity of dental professional and patient mean that there are significant risks of cross-infection.

The emergence of HIV infection threw the spotlight onto dentistry. focusing on reducing differences in immunisation uptake (for infection).

f) Interventions that seek to encourage uptake of single vaccinations for measles, mumps and rubella. especially among vulnerable and at risk groups. NICE public health intervention guidance () Available from. Prevalence.

The country faces a concentrated epidemic, and its very low HIV-prevalence rate is partly due to prevention efforts, focusing on men who have sex with men, female sex workers, and intravenous drug users. Four years before the disease's appearance in the country, the government implemented numerous prevention efforts targeting the above high-risk populations as well as migrant.

Vulnerable groups like homosexuals (Okall et al., ), drug users (Rance & Treloar, ) and migrants (Seedat et al., ), especially from resource-poor countries with high HIV prevalence, experience discrimination as a result of stigma and negative attitudes of health care professionals (Barrett & Mulugeta, ; Marsicano et al., Cited by: 5.

-Vulnerable population, such as children and elderly and the poor, show little adaptation to chronic stressors-These groups already experience little control over their environments and may already be a high levels of stress; the addition of an environmental stressor may push their resources to the limits.

Covering low- and middle-income countries and territories, the fact sheets monitor progress in the four priority areas of the Unite for Children, Unite against AIDS campaign: Preventing mother-to-child transmission of HIV.

- Providing paediatric HIV care and treatment. - Preventing infection among adolescents and young people. The first National AIDS Control Programme (NACP) was implemented over seven years (), focused on monitoring HIV infection rates among risk populations in selected urban areas.

[18] The second phase ran between and and the original program was expanded at state level, focusing on targeted interventions for high-risk groups and.An association between malaria and risk for death among patients with Ebola virus disease has suggested within-host interactions between Plasmodium falciparum parasites and Ebola virus.

To determine whether such an interaction might also influence the probability of acquiring either infection, we used a large snapshot surveillance study from.over two thirds of the HIV/AIDS related deaths (18 million, or 72%) are from Africa (World Bank, ) and almost one in every ten adults in sub-Saharan Africa are HIV positive (UNESCO, ), although infection rates in individual countries such as South Africa, Botswana, Malawi, and File Size: KB.